Site name and code: Lasy Barucickie PLH160009
Site of Community importance since 2011
Area: 4394,49 ha
Administrative location: Opole voivodeship: Brzeg county – municipality of Lubsza; Namysłów country – municipality of Namysłów, municipality of Świerczów
Site of community importance Lasy Barucickie is a complex of mixed forest adjacent to the Odra valley, with fragments of old-growth forest stands. It is an area of deposited glacial till and fluvioglacial Odra glaciation sands. The area includes the oldest in the Opole voivodeship (up to 400 years) beech-oak stand of trees with rare and endangered species of invertebrates, i.e. stag beetle and great capricorn beetle. Most of the forests in the area are under the Forest Management of Brzeg and Namysłów, the rest of the area are nature reserves, Lubsza Nature Reserve, Rogalice Nature Reserve and Barucice Nature Reserve, which is the second largest reserve in the Opole voivodeship. Within the Lasy Barucickie Natura 2000 site there are many rare and endangered species of animals and plants. Particularly noteworthy are previously mentioned beetles, white-tailed and lesser spotted eagle, and common spotted orchid from the world of plants.
The subjects of protection
6410 Molinia meadows on calcareous, peaty or clayey-silt-laden soils (Molinion caeruleae)
6510 Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis)
9110 Luzulo-Fagetum beech forests
9170 Galio-Carpinetum oak-hornbeam forests
9190 Old acidophilous oak woods with Quercus robur on sandy plains
91E0 Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae) 91F0 Riparian mixed forests of Quercus robur, Ulmus laevis and Ulmus minor, Fraxinus excelsior or Fraxinus angustifolia, along the great rivers (Ulmenion minoris)
A description of the subjects of protection within the site
The great capricorn beetle and stag beetle are one of the greatest representatives of entomofauna in Europe. Both species are associated with old deciduous forest stands, they mostly inhabit the stately oaks. The biggest threat for both species of beetles is cutting stately trees as a result of forest management or removing old specimens of trees. The habitats in the Lasy Barucickie Natura 2000 site are mainly oak-hornbeam and beech forests. This type of forest communities provide a place of occurrence of many protected species, including the great capricorn beetle and deer stag. Particularly noteworthy is the occurrence in the area riparian forests, so-called priority habitats. These habitats are located mainly in heavily irrigated areas near rivers and water reservoirs. They are characterized by high biodiversity, while they are also of great retention importance.
….. the name of the stag beetle comes from the resemblance of the male’s mandibles to the horns of a stag. The stag beetle is a highly sexually dimorphic species, meaning that males and females don’t look alike.
….. great capricorn beetle is a species of beetle in the longhorn family. The name originates from typically extremely long antennae, which can get significantly longer than the beetle’s body. Capricorn larvae feed on wood, creating a huge paths with section which is often greater than the thickness of the adult human finger.
….. bog woodland and riparian forests are one of the least numerous types of forest communities. They usually occur in river valleys and natural depressions, where they can endure prolonged flooding. Around many rivers riparian forests have been removed in connection with the regulation of river bed.